Code blocks

Code blocks within documentation are super-powered 💪.

Code title#

You can add a title to the code block by adding title key after the language (leave a space between them).

```jsx title="/src/components/HelloCodeTitle.js"
function HelloCodeTitle(props) {
return <h1>Hello, {props.name}</h1>;
}
```
/src/components/HelloCodeTitle.js
function HelloCodeTitle(props) {
return <h1>Hello, {props.name}</h1>;
}

Syntax highlighting#

Code blocks are text blocks wrapped around by strings of 3 backticks. You may check out this reference for specifications of MDX.

```jsx
console.log('Every repo must come with a mascot.');
```

Use the matching language meta string for your code block, and Docusaurus will pick up syntax highlighting automatically, powered by Prism React Renderer.

console.log('Every repo must come with a mascot.');

By default, the Prism syntax highlighting theme we use is Palenight. You can change this to another theme by passing theme field in prism as themeConfig in your docusaurus.config.js.

For example, if you prefer to use the dracula highlighting theme:

docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
themeConfig: {
prism: {
theme: require('prism-react-renderer/themes/dracula'),
},
},
};

By default, Docusaurus comes with this subset of commonly used languages.

To add syntax highlighting for any of the other Prism supported languages, define it in an array of additional languages.

For example, if you want to add highlighting for the powershell language:

docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
// ...
themeConfig: {
prism: {
additionalLanguages: ['powershell'],
},
// ...
},
};

If you want to add highlighting for languages not yet supported by Prism, you can swizzle prism-include-languages:

npm run swizzle @docusaurus/theme-classic prism-include-languages

It will produce prism-include-languages.js in your src/theme folder. You can add highlighting support for custom languages by editing prism-include-languages.js:

src/theme/prism-include-languages.js
const prismIncludeLanguages = (Prism) => {
// ...
additionalLanguages.forEach((lang) => {
require(`prismjs/components/prism-${lang}`); // eslint-disable-line
});
require('/path/to/your/prism-language-definition');
// ...
};

You can refer to Prism's official language definitions when you are writing your own language definitions.

Line highlighting#

You can bring emphasis to certain lines of code by specifying line ranges after the language meta string (leave a space after the language).

```jsx {3}
function HighlightSomeText(highlight) {
if (highlight) {
return 'This text is highlighted!';
}
return 'Nothing highlighted';
}
```
function HighlightSomeText(highlight) {
if (highlight) {
return 'This text is highlighted!';
}
return 'Nothing highlighted';
}

To accomplish this, Docusaurus adds the docusaurus-highlight-code-line class to the highlighted lines. You will need to define your own styling for this CSS, possibly in your src/css/custom.css with a custom background color which is dependent on your selected syntax highlighting theme. The color given below works for the default highlighting theme (Palenight), so if you are using another theme, you will have to tweak the color accordingly.

/src/css/custom.css
.docusaurus-highlight-code-line {
background-color: rgb(72, 77, 91);
display: block;
margin: 0 calc(-1 * var(--ifm-pre-padding));
padding: 0 var(--ifm-pre-padding);
}
/* If you have a different syntax highlighting theme for dark mode. */
html[data-theme='dark'] .docusaurus-highlight-code-line {
background-color: ; /* Color which works with dark mode syntax highlighting theme */
}

To highlight multiple lines, separate the line numbers by commas or use the range syntax to select a chunk of lines. This feature uses the parse-number-range library and you can find more syntax on their project details.

```jsx {1,4-6,11}
import React from 'react';
function MyComponent(props) {
if (props.isBar) {
return <div>Bar</div>;
}
return <div>Foo</div>;
}
export default MyComponent;
```
import React from 'react';
function MyComponent(props) {
if (props.isBar) {
return <div>Bar</div>;
}
return <div>Foo</div>;
}
export default MyComponent;

You can also use comments with highlight-next-line, highlight-start, and highlight-end to select which lines are highlighted.

```jsx
function HighlightSomeText(highlight) {
if (highlight) {
// highlight-next-line
return 'This text is highlighted!';
}
return 'Nothing highlighted';
}
function HighlightMoreText(highlight) {
// highlight-start
if (highlight) {
return 'This range is highlighted!';
}
// highlight-end
return 'Nothing highlighted';
}
```
function HighlightSomeText(highlight) {
if (highlight) {
return 'This text is highlighted!';
}
return 'Nothing highlighted';
}
function HighlightMoreText(highlight) {
if (highlight) {
return 'This range is highlighted!';
}
return 'Nothing highlighted';
}

Supported commenting syntax:

LanguageSyntax
JavaScript/* ... */ and // ...
JSX{/* ... */}
Python# ...
HTML<!-- ... -->

If there's a syntax that is not currently supported, we are open to adding them! Pull requests welcome.

Interactive code editor#

(Powered by React Live)

You can create an interactive coding editor with the @docusaurus/theme-live-codeblock plugin.

First, add the plugin to your package.

npm install --save @docusaurus/theme-live-codeblock

You will also need to add the plugin to your docusaurus.config.js.

module.exports = {
// ...
themes: ['@docusaurus/theme-live-codeblock'],
// ...
};

To use the plugin, create a code block with live attached to the language meta string.

```jsx live
function Clock(props) {
const [date, setDate] = useState(new Date());
useEffect(() => {
var timerID = setInterval(() => tick(), 1000);
return function cleanup() {
clearInterval(timerID);
};
});
function tick() {
setDate(new Date());
}
return (
<div>
<h2>It is {date.toLocaleTimeString()}.</h2>
</div>
);
}
```

The code block will be rendered as an interactive editor. Changes to the code will reflect on the result panel live.

Live Editor
Result

It is 1:20:25 PM.

react-live and imports

It is not possible to import components directly from the react-live code editor, you have to define available imports upfront.

By default, all React imports are available. If you need more imports available, swizzle the react-live scope:

npm run swizzle @docusaurus/theme-live-codeblock ReactLiveScope
src/theme/ReactLiveScope/index.js
import React from 'react';
const ButtonExample = (props) => (
<button
{...props}
style={{
backgroundColor: 'white',
border: 'solid red',
borderRadius: 20,
padding: 10,
cursor: 'pointer',
...props.style,
}}
/>
);
// Add react-live imports you need here
const ReactLiveScope = {
React,
...React,
ButtonExample,
};
export default ReactLiveScope;

The ButtonExample component is now available to use:

Live Editor
Result

Multi-language support code blocks#

With MDX, you can easily create interactive components within your documentation, for example, to display code in multiple programming languages and switching between them using a tabs component.

Instead of implementing a dedicated component for multi-language support code blocks, we've implemented a generic Tabs component in the classic theme so that you can use it for other non-code scenarios as well.

The following example is how you can have multi-language code tabs in your docs. Note that the empty lines above and below each language block is intentional. This is a current limitation of MDX, you have to leave empty lines around Markdown syntax for the MDX parser to know that it's Markdown syntax and not JSX.

import Tabs from '@theme/Tabs';
import TabItem from '@theme/TabItem';
<Tabs
defaultValue="js"
values={[
{ label: 'JavaScript', value: 'js', },
{ label: 'Python', value: 'py', },
{ label: 'Java', value: 'java', },
]
}>
<TabItem value="js">
```js
function helloWorld() {
console.log('Hello, world!');
}
```
</TabItem>
<TabItem value="py">
```py
def hello_world():
print 'Hello, world!'
```
</TabItem>
<TabItem value="java">
```java
class HelloWorld {
public static void main(String args[]) {
System.out.println("Hello, World");
}
}
```
</TabItem>
</Tabs>

And you will get the following:

function helloWorld() {
console.log('Hello, world!');
}

You may want to implement your own <MultiLanguageCode /> abstraction if you find the above approach too verbose. We might just implement one in future for convenience.

If you have multiple of these multi-language code tabs, and you want to sync the selection across the tab instances, refer to the Syncing tab choices section.